Rockets of Today

— spaceports and launch complexes —

This is a list of the world’s spaceports, organized by country, each with a list of their active or recently active launchpads, including those being worked on for future use. We omit pads used only for suborbital launches. The year given is for the site’s first attempted launch of an orbital rocket.

RUSSIAN AND FORMER SOVIET LAUNCH COMPLEXES

Kazakhstan

Baikonur (Байқоңыр) Cosmodrome, 1957:

1/5 Soyuz — "Gagarin’s Start" (now being retired)
31/6 Soyuz (including crewed)
45/1 Zenit (past), ...maybe soyuz-5/Irtysh? (future)
81/24 Proton
175/59 Rokot (past?)
200/39 Proton
(there are dozens of inactive and suborbital pads, such as 110/37 for N1 and Energia)

European Russia

Kapustin Yar (Капустин Яр) Cosmodrome, Astrakhan Oblast, 1962:

inactive for orbital use (launched Kosmos)

Plesetsk (Плесецк) Cosmodrome, Arkhangelsk Oblast, 1966:

16/2 Soyuz
35/1 Angara
43/3 Soyuz
43/4 Soyuz
133/3 Rokot

Yasny (Я́сный) Launch Base, Dombarovsky Air Base, Orenburg Oblast, 2006:

inactive (launched Dnipr)

Russian Far East

Svobodny (Свобо́дный) Cosmodrome, Amur Oblast, 1997:

inactive and closed (launched Start — Rokot pad never used)

Vostochny (Восточный) Cosmodrome, Amur Oblast, 2016:

1S Soyuz 2
1A Angara
PU 3 Amur (future — name is temporary?)
(20 miles NE of Svobodny... four more pads eventually planned)

ocean

Sea Launch Consortium, 1999:

LP Odyssey Zenit (past), ...seeking future rocket

UNITED STATES LAUNCH COMPLEXES:

Florida

Cape Canaveral Space Force Station / Patrick Space Force Base, 1958:

13 Atlas (past), Vaya Dauntless (future), Phantom Daytona (future)
14 Atlas (including Mercury, past), Stoke Nova (future)
15 suborbital (past), ABL RS1 (future)
16 suborbital (past), Terran
36A Atlas (past), New Glenn (future)
36B Atlas (past), New Glenn (future)
37B Saturn I (past), Delta IV and Heavy (present), Starship? (future)
40 Titan (past), Falcon 9
41 Titan (past), Atlas V, Vulcan (future)
46 Atlas (past), Astra (past and maybe future), Minotaur — leased by Space Florida

John F. Kennedy Space Center (adjoining Cape Canaveral), 1967:

39A Saturn and Shuttle (past), Falcon 9 (including crewed) and Falcon Heavy, Starship (future)
39B Saturn and Shuttle (past), SLS, OmegA (cancelled)
39C unknown (future) — built for Electron but not used
48 unknown (future)

Virginia

Wallops Flight Facility, 1961:

inactive for orbital launches (launched Scout)

Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport (leased from Wallops Flight Facility), 2006:

LP-0A Antares
LP-0B Minotaur
LC-2 Electron
LC-3 Neutron (future)

Alaska

Pacific Spaceport Complex, Kodiak Island, 2001:

LP-1 Athena (past), Minotaur
LP-3B Astra
LP-3C RS1

California

Vandenberg Space Force Base, 1959:

2E/2W Delta II (past), Alpha
3 East Atlas V
4 East Atlas and Titan (past), Falcon 9, Falcon Heavy (future)
6 Delta IV and Heavy (past), Falcon (future)
8 Minotaur
576-E Minotaur-C

Mojave Air and Space Port (near Edwards Air Force Base), 2020:

runway LauncherOne (past), Stratolaunch (future?)
(Pegasi have been launched from an Edwards runway, among many other sites)

New Mexico

Spaceport America (adjacent to White Sands Missile Range):

only suborbital so far (including SpaceShipTwo, which mostly uses Mojave)

Georgia

Spaceport Camden:

nah, construction probably halted

Texas

SpaceX Starbase (near Boca Chica), 2023:

orbital Starship
(two suborbital pads)

Blue Origin Launch Site One (near Van Horn):

will probably remain suborbital only

Marshall Islands

Ronald Reagan Ballistic Missile Defense Test Site, Kwajalein Atoll, 2006:

Omelek Falcon 1 (past), Astra? (future)
(many suborbital pads)

CHINESE LAUNCH COMPLEXES:

Gobi Desert

Jiǔquán (酒泉) Satellite Launch Center, Inner Mongolia, 1970:

91 “SLS-1” Long March 2F including Shenjian (crewed)
94 “SLS-2” Long March 2C, 2D, 4C
95A (TEL) Kuaizhou 1 and 1A
95B (TEL) Kaituozhe 2 (past?), Kuaizhou 11, Long March 11, LandSpace 1, OS-M, Smart Dragon 1, Hyperbola 1, Ceres 1
96 LandSpace-2
120 (TEL) Tianlong-2
130 Lijian 1
(“TEL” means a transporter-erector-launcher truck... there are also many disused and suborbital pads)

interior mountains

Tàiyuán (太原) Satellite Launch Center, Shanxi province, 1979:

LC-7 Long March 2C, 4A, 4B, 4C
LC-9 Long March 2C, 4B, 4C
LC-9A Long March 6A
LC-16 Long March 6, Kuaizhou 1A (TEL?)

Xīchāng ( 西昌) Satellite Launch Center, Sichuan province, 1984:

LC-2 Long March 2E, 3A, 3B, 3C
LC-3 Long March 2E, 3, 3A, 3B
LC-4 (TEL) Kuaizhou 1A, Long March 11

coastal

Wénchāng (文昌) Space Launch Site, Hainan Island, 2016:

LC-101 Long March 5 and 5B
LC-201 Long March 7 and 8
(additional pads planned)

Wénchāng Commercial Launch Site (adjoining), 2024:

Pad 1 Long March 8 (future)
Pad 2 XLV, Nebula, Tianlong, many others (future)

ocean

Tai Rui and other barges, 2019:

(TEL) Long March 11H, Smart Dragon 3, Ceres
(they just roll a transporter-erector-launcher onto any old barge deck?)

OTHER ACTIVE LAUNCH COMPLEXES:

France / European Space Agency

Interarmy Special Vehicles Test Centre (near Hammaguir, Algeria), 1965:

inactive (launched Diamant)

Guiana Space Centre (near Kourou, French Guiana), 1970:

ELV Ariane 1, 2, 3 (past), Vega
ELS Soyuz (past?)
ELA-3 Ariane 5 (past)
ELA-4 Ariane 6 (future)
ELM-Diamant RFA-1 (future)

Japan

Uchinoura (内之浦) Space Center, Kagoshima Prefecture, 1970:

Mu Mu (past), Epsilon
(four inactive and suborbital pads)

Tanegashima (種子島) Space Center, Tanegashima Island, 1994:

Yoshinobu 1 H-II (past), H-IIA
Yoshinobu 2 H-IIB (past), H-3

India

Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota Island, 1979:

First LP PSLV, GSLV (past), SSLV
Second LP PSLV, GSLV, LVM 3 (including future crewed)

Israel

Palmachim (פַּלְמַחִים) Airbase, 1988:

(unnamed) Shavit

Brazil

Alcântara Space Center, 1997:

VLS Pad VLS (three attempts... future?)
Universal (open for international customers)
(new) Innospace (future)
(attempting to resume orbital activity after two decades of being suborbital only)

Iran

Semnan (سمنان) Space Center, 2008:

Circular LP Safir, Zoljanah
Main LP Simorgh

unknown military base (Qom?) in or near Semnan, 2020:

(unknown) Qased

North Korea

Tonghae (동해) Satellite Launching Ground, 2009:

(unnamed) Unha (one attempt only)

Sohae (서해) Satellite Launching Station, 2012:

main pad Unha
small pad Chollima
(the names Tonghae and Sohae just mean East Sea and West Sea, being on opposite coasts)

South Korea

Naro (나로) Space Center, 2009:

LC-1 Naro-1 (past), SSLV (future)
LC-2 Nuri

New Zealand

Rocket Lab Launch Complex 1, Māhia Peninsula, 2017:

Pad A Electron
Pad B Electron

NATIONS DEVELOPING FUTURE LAUNCH COMPLEXES:

Australia

RAAF Woomera Range Complex, South Australia, 1969:

suborbital only (launched Britain’s Black Arrow)

Arnhem Space Centre, East Arnhem Land, Northern Territory:

(unnamed) phantom (future)
(suborbital pads are active)

Whalers Bay Orbital Launch Complex, Eyre Peninsula, South Australia (planned):

Pad 1 blue whale (future)

Space Centre Australia, Cape York Peninsula, Queensland (planned):

(no orbital customers identified)

Sweden

Esrange Space Center:

(unnamed) RFA One, Themis (future)
(various suborbital pads)

Norway

Andøya Space:

(unnamed) RFA One, Isar Spektrum (future)
(six suborbital pads)

Britain

Spaceport Cornwall:

(this is just Newquay Airport when used for LauncherOne — attempted once)

Sutherland Spaceport, A’Mhòine, Scotland (under construction):

(unnamed) Prime, Electron, Skyrora (future)

SaxaVord Spaceport, Unst (Shetland Islands), Scotland (under construction):

(unnamed) ABL, Skyrora (future)

Spain

El Hierro Launch Centre, Canary Islands (planned):

(unnamed) Miura, Bloostar (future)

Portugal

Azores International Satellite Launch Programme (temporary name), Santa Maria Island (planned):

(unnamed) Prime, others (future)