Commercial Rockets

— the shuttle era, 1977-2007 —

This is the era when spaceflight became commercialized, and some of the more successful rocket families of the period remain in heavy use, particularly the Shuttle’s European rival, the Ariane. The Russians developed a modernized commercial rocket in the Zenit, and converted military missiles to commercial use with the START and the Rokot. Japan developed a commercial rocket with the H series, India did likewise with their PSLV and GSLV with remarkable success, and Israel got a toe into space with the little Shavit. In America, Orbital Sciences, later known as Orbital ATK and now part of Northrop Grumman, developed small rockets for the commercial market: the Pegasus, and then the Taurus / Minotaur series.

— Rockets included with current filters: · Ariane · Zenit (Irtysh, Yenisei) · H · Shavit · Pegasus · PSLV, GSLV · START · Minotaur · Rokot —